The 1921 Long Trail Guidebook was printed by the Tuttle Company in Rutland, Vermont. This guide was 55 pages and cost 55 cents. The following are excerpts from the original guide.
The Green Mountains of Vermont have been sadly neglected, which is strange, as the entire range is within plain sight of the much frequented White Mountain and Adirondack Mountain groups and their noble skyline might well have inspired excursions into a virgin mountain region. This neglect lies with the people of the State who failed to make the mountains accessible or to give them due publicity; up to ten years ago only half a dozen of the principal peaks had trails to their summits. Vermont is so completely mountainous that its mountain area exceeds the combined area of the White, Adirondack and Catskill Mountains. It has always been claimed that if Vermont could be pressed out smooth its area would probably exceed that of Texas!...
The waste of this golden opportunity impressed itself on James P. Taylor, then principal of the Vermont Academy at Saxtons River, and a small number of mountain-lovers gathered at his call in Burlington on March 11, 1910, at which meeting was organized THE GREEN MOUNTAIN CLUB. The purpose of the Club is to build trails, to erect camps and shelters, to issue maps and literature, and in general to make the mountains play a larger part in the life of the State, thereby giving the Green Mountains a start toward achieving their proper rank. Toward this end The Long Trail project was launched, a trail to traverse the entire length of the main range from Massachusetts to Canada.
Purposes and Membership
The Green Mountain Club exists to bring the people to the Green Mountains and to make the Green Mountains accessible to the people. It builds and maintains trails, especially The Long Trail and its approaches; it conducts a campaign of publicity through the press and by means of lectures illustrated with lantern slides. The Club has grown from its original twenty-three members to its present strength of eight hundred, five hundred of whom are in Sections located at Rutland, Bennington, Burlington, Middlebury and Proctor in Vermont, and a large Section in New York City. The remaining members are classed as "unattached" and their dues are the main revenue of the Club treasury.
Each Section assumes the care of The Long Trail and its camps in their assigned territory; the New York Section being responsible for The Trail between Camel's Hump (Couching Lion) and Middlebury Gap. Where there are no Sections the building and care of The Trail is in charge of the G.M.C. treasury, which also extends aid to Sections where necessary. Only devoted volunteer labor and generous gifts of money in excess of dues on the part of many members have made possible the work already done. As The Trail lengthens the yearly cost of upkeep increases; and with the natural annual loss of members and rising costs of labor and materials, a continuous effort must be made to get new members.
The dues are now Two Dollars yearly (varying in some Sections) without initiation fee. All mountain-lovers and those interested in the Club's efforts, all those who believe in the great out-of-doors, are invited to become members of The Green Mountain Club. Two dollars sent direct to the treasurer, E. S. Marsh, Brandon, Vermont, will bring a membership card good for the current year. Further information may be obtained from officials of the Club, together with application forms, or from the Chairman of the Membership Committee.
Louis J. Paris, M. D.,
324 South Union Street,
The following suggestions are offered to those going to The Long Trail for the first time, and are to be taken in the light of advice. They are based on the experience of those who have used The Trail, but old-timers may have their own ideas that differ...
No person should attempt to tramp The Trail without a light axe, and a good compass. Even women should take at least a belt-hatchet; fuel must be replaced as used with good fuel and not easily-obtained rotten wood or none at all. Trail hogs and hedgehogs are the only pests in our mountains; and they are getting scarcer every year . . .
Of all the personal equipment, the most important is good shoes; these should not be old, as the strain on them is great. They should be well broken in, loose (the feet swell or expand under the weight of the pack) and well oiled as they will often be wet. Munson last army shoes are advised. "Sneaks" are not good. Thick woolen socks should be worn. Do not imagine you "cannot wear wool stockings"--you can. Those similar to the ones knitted by Red Cross workers are best. They are needed as cushions to the feet carrying the unusual weight over unusually rough ground, and protect the feet from blisters and abrasions as well as from the wet. Woolen underwear is also important as you will sweat heavily; it prevents chill on the mountain tops where winds are keen even in August. An extra suit to sleep in will save blankets.
Women should not wear skirts, even divided skirts; riding breeches are advised, khaki or close-woven stuff for both men and women. Long stockings may be worn on most trails, but spiral puttees are more durable in brush, and dryer in wet ferns. A large bandanna neckerchief is useful as protection against sunburn and almost essential in fly time (June 1 to July 15). Canvas gloves give protection to tender hands while chopping or cooking, and weigh little. Flannel shirts should have pockets, and collar and long sleeves are essential in fly-time.
A tent is not necessary on most of The Trail as shelters of some sort are usually available; it may be needed in the southerly parts if the hiker desires to sleep out instead of seeking farmhouses, in which case a very light, small tent of balloon silk or the like is advised.
WEAR ON PERSON:
Thin woolen underwear, knitted wool socks, well-oiled army shoes (Munson last), flannel shirt with breast pockets, (sleeves and collar necessary in fly-time). Khaki trousers or breeches and belt (avoid shorts in fly-time), bandanna neckerchief, headgear at will (Duxbak fisherman's hat recommended), wrist-watch.
CARRY IN POCKETS:
Left shirt: handkerchief, postals, notebook, pencil. Right shirt: guide-book, money securely pinned in bag or envelope. Left trousers: matches in flat tin box, waterproof. Right trousers: pocket knife, strong twine. Left hip: toilet paper. Fob pocket: compass on lanyard.
CARRY ON BELT:
Camera in holster, sheath-knife if used, field-glasses in holster to replace camera for one member of party. Axe or hatchet in sheath may be carried on belt, but avoid long handle or heavy weight.
Food List For Two Men For Two Weeks
|Flour, 10 lbs.
|Baking Powder, 1-2 lbs.
|Bacon, 5 lbs.
||Dried Apricots, 2 lbs.
|Cinnamon, 1 oz.
||Dried milk, 2 lbs.
|Cocoa, instant, 1 can
||Succotash, 2 cans
|Corn meal, 4 lbs.
||Butter, 4 lbs.
|Pepper, 1-2 oz.
||Rice, 2 lbs.
|Bread, 1 loaf
||Oatmeal, 3 lbs.
|Sugar, 9 lbs.
||Salt 1 1-2 lbs.
|Raisins, 1 lbs.
||Tea, 1-2 lbs or more
|Chocolate, 2 lbs.
||Salmon, 2 cans
|Cheese, 1-2 lbs
The above list is the average of a number of trips, and is suited to the appetite of the author. Some will need more; but it is wiser to reach a food station or the end of the trip just about out of food, rather than to carry several unnecessary pounds over mountain trails - better even to go without a meal due to short commons.
...The wise man goes light.
Mount Mansfield is the highest of the Green Mountains; its silhouette strikingly resembles a man's face, and the peaks are consequently named The Forehead, The Nose, The Chin, etc., the former being at the southerly end of the ridge. The Indians, in the musical language of the Waubanakees, called it Moze-o-de-be Wadso, Moosehead Mountain...
Mount Mansfield is interesting in many ways; on its bare summit (the largest areas above tree line in Vermont) are glacial boulders, travellers from faraway deposits. Botanists will find rare plants, some said to be of pre-glacial origin; more human, there is a cairn of stones, the Frenchman's Monument, that marks the spot where a traveller was killed by lightning. Smugglers' Notch dates back in local history to the days of the War of 1812, when rovers made use of it as a safe and secret passage for smuggled goods, Smugglers' Cave having sheltered many things that were never passed by the Customs!
Click here to view an 1895 Map of VT and NH »
Click here to view Long Trail Map 1917 »
Click here to view Long Trail Map 1921 »